Handle the default users and their initial passwords
On the other hand one can call the system trace over the transaction ST01. Here it is possible to set individual filters for the checks. In addition, you can switch off the trade via the "Trace off" button or the F8 key and switch the trace back on via the "Trace on" button that is then displayed or the F7 key. If you click on the button "Evaluation" or the F2 key, you can display the evaluation.
A new transaction has been added to evaluate the system trace only for permission checks, which you can call STAUTHTRACE using the transaction and insert via the respective support package named in SAP Note 1603756. This is a short-term trace that can only be used as a permission trace on the current application server and clients. In the basic functions, it is identical to the system trace in transaction ST01; Unlike the system trace, however, only permission checks can be recorded and evaluated here. You can limit the recording to a specific user. You can also use the trace to search only for permission errors. The evaluation is similar to the evaluation of the system trace in the transaction ST01. In transaction STAUTHTRACE, however, you can also evaluate for specific authorization objects or for specific permission check return codes (i.e. after positive or negative permission checks). You can also filter multiple entries.
Detect critical base permissions that should not be in application roles
Two other very important settings are the activation of the security audit log and the table logging. Both parameters must be activated in order to ensure traceability at the user level as well as at the table level. It should therefore be checked whether the detailed settings for the security audit log are set up in accordance with the company's specifications and, in any case, whether all users with comprehensive authorizations, such as SAP_ALL, are fully covered by the logging without exception.
Over the button field maintenance also own-developed authorization fields can be created to either a certain data element is assigned or also search assistance or check tables are deposited. On RZ10.de the topic has been described in more detail including a video recording in the article "Creating Authorization Objects with SAP Transaction SU21".
However, if your Identity Management system is currently not available or the approval path is interrupted, you can still assign urgently needed authorizations with "Shortcut for SAP systems".
You will find the corrections and an overview of the required support packages in SAP Note 1941526.
You can also find some useful tips from practice on the subject of SAP authorizations on the page www.sap-corner.de.
The following list may be supplemented by suggestions from the company's own administration.