Authorization tools - advantages and limitations
The user's access to this program is realized by assigning a role that contains the required transaction including the authorization objects to be checked. A role can contain a large number of authorization objects.
Structural authorizations work with SAP HCM Organizational Management and define who can be seen, but not what can be seen. This is done based on evaluation paths in the org tree. Structural authorizations should therefore only be used together with general authorizations. Just like the general authorizations in SAP ECC HR, they enable regulated access to data in time-dependent structures. An authorization profile is used to determine the authorization. In addition, it is defined how the search is carried out on the org tree.
Authorization concepts - advantages and architecture
The general authorizations are quite normal authorization objects in SAP HCM, which regulates the access to PA/PD infotypes (tables PAnnnn / HRPnnnn), clusters for the own person or for other persons. Typical authorization objects are "P_PERNR", "P_ORGIN", "P_ORGXX", "PLOG" and "P_PLCX".
System users are also intended for anonymous access. They are used in technical operations that require a user, such as batch runs or RFC connections. With them, therefore, no dialogue login is possible on the SAP system, but only the login via RFC call. Multiple logins are always possible for a system user, and the password modification rules (see also the explanation under "Service Users") do not apply. The password of a system user always has the status Productive and can only be changed by the user administrator.
For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.
The security check also shows when no redesign is necessary because the authorizations found are compatible with the current concept.
After making your selection in the Usage Proof, all of the affected implementations will be tabulated.