SAP Basis Willingness to undergo further training - SAP Corner

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Willingness to undergo further training
Migration of SAP DB systems (between different databases)
All the roles that contain the string "ADM" are considered critical, as they usually refer to administrative roles. When identifying critical SAP permissions, profiles and roles, it should be noted that SAP does propose a concept for names, but this is not always taken into account by applications or its own developments.

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It is possible to specify a trace level for each rule in the ACL file to monitor each communication channel individually. It can be used with SNC without any further configuration. The use of the file is controlled by the gw/acl_file parameter by simply setting it to the appropriate file name. Use of external programmes If an external programme wants to communicate with your SAP system, it must first register at the gateway. The programmes which this is approved are controlled by the reginfo ACL file. This defines rules that allow or prohibit certain programmes. The syntax of the file allows you to define not only the name of the programme, but also the host on which the programme runs and hosts that can use and exit the programme. The gw/reg_info parameter must be set to use this file. In addition, there is the ACL file secinfo, which allows to configure which users can start an external programme. This defines rules that allow certain usernames from the SAP system to use certain external programmes. In addition, you can also define the hosts on which these programmes will run. For example, it is possible to allow a user to run the programme "BSP" on the host "XYZ", but not on the host "ABC". This file is controlled by the gw/sec_info parameter. Using the gateway as a proxy Since the gateway of your SAP system can also serve as a proxy server, the prxyinfo ACLDatei should also be activated via the gw/prxy_info parameter. Suppose you have 3 SAP systems in your network: SRC, TRG and PRX. If SRC cannot communicate directly with TRG, but both with PRX it would be possible to use the gateway of the PRX system as a proxy server, i.e. to communicate via it. So, in order to prevent this from happening to everyone, this property should be urgently restricted. As with the other ACL files, rules are defined which hosts can communicate with which hosts via the gateway. The syntax of the different ACL files may vary depending on the release level. It is therefore advisable to read them in the appropriate SAP documentation before activating the ACL files. You can also find more support for using ACL files in the SAP Community Wiki.

SAP HANA has been one of the major topics in the SAP environment for the last few years. Many customers are currently faced with the question of whether or not to migrate your SAP system. In addition to the actual changeover itself, there are many other topics on which you should have already informed yourself in advance, as these influence the success of SAP HANA in your company. What do you already know about SAP HANA? I would like to encourage you to think about security in the following article. If you would like to learn about the architecture of HANA, I recommend a contribution from our colleagues at erlebe Software. SAP HANA Scenario But why are we even talking about HANA Security? Why is it so important to consider new security strategies with the new technology? With HANA it is possible to analyse data quickly. BW scenarios primarily benefit from the in-memory database (IMDB) used, as speed advantages in data access are particularly positive. Compared to a classic ERP / R3 scenario, the normal DB is replaced by HANA. The desired speed advantages result. However, migration is expected to be required for the changeover. This is caused by customer-specific developments in the system. HANA is not a further development of SAP ERP, HANA is the next stage of an ERP system. It is well known that an ERP system contains the capital of the companies. Therefore a new HANA system like all other ERP systems is also interesting for attackers. On the one hand, such a system contains the critical business data that are available for espionage. In addition, most business processes are mapped in such a system and offer an attack surface for sabotage. In addition, users do not initially know the new technology well. This also applies to administrators in the area of a new technology. Attackers quickly gain a dangerous leap of knowledge over these user groups. SAP HANA has a lot of new features, although many existing ones are used by SAP ERP, so there is a risk here.

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In my opinion, all SAP checks will be fully automated over the next decade.

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Each operating system provides an environment in which programs can run, such as MS Office on Microsoft Windows.
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