The Basis system comprises a total of three layers (Figure 1):
SAP Enhancement Packages
You wanted to rush to release a transport order in the quality system of your SAP landscape and accidentally clicked on "Reject" instead of "Approve"? Now the order cannot be transported any further and will soon be cleared by job from the queue? Don't despair: In this blog post, I'm going to tell you a simple way to get rejected transportation to the production system anyway. As a reader of our blog, you are certainly interested in tricks and tricks that will make your SAP system easier to handle. You may be aware of the situation where you want to approve a transport order quickly after the test has been completed and you have clicked in the system when the order was released. The problem now is that the transport order in the system now has a status of "rejected" and can therefore no longer be transported. In total, a transport order may receive important changes that you would have liked to have transported to the production system. Approach to release rejected transport orders The screenshot below shows the situation in the STMS transaction where a transport order in the quality assurance area was rejected. Therefore, an import into the production system is no longer possible. The transport job can be removed either manually or through a job. The question here, however, is how the amendments which were wrongly rejected can be transferred to the subsequent system. Rejected Transport Order Tip: Leave the status on Rejected, remove the rejected transport order from the import queue, if necessary, and follow the next steps. Switch to the import queue in your quality system. Go there via Additions -> More Orders -> Attach to the modal window where you can perform further steps.
Reduce resources: depending on the agreement of the contract, you can ask for the service resources only when needed. This will save you some costs.
In transaction PFUD (see image above), you can perform the user match manually for all roles (or selected roles). You can choose between the matchup types Profile Matchup, Matchup of Indirect Assignments from Composite Roles, and Matchup HR Organizational Management. According to SAP documentation, the matchups differ as follows: Profile Matchup: "The program compares the currently valid user assignments of the selected single roles with the assignments of the associated generated profiles and makes any necessary adjustments to the profile assignments. Matching indirect assignments from composite roles: User assignments to composite roles result in indirect assignments for the single roles contained in the composite role. This match type matches the indirect assignments of the selected single roles to the user assignments of all composite roles that contain the single roles. If the selection set contains composite roles, the comparison takes place for all single roles contained in it. HR Organizational Management comparison: This comparison type updates the indirect assignments of all selected single and composite roles that are linked to elements of HR Organizational Management. The HR adjustment is inactive and cannot be selected if no active plan version exists or if a global deactivation has been made by setting the Customizing switch HR_ORG_ACTIVE = NO in table PRGN_CUST. Furthermore, the option "Perform cleanup" is interesting, which can be selected independently of the three adjustment types and does not refer to the role selection. The Perform Cleanup function can be used to remove residual data that resulted from incomplete deletion of roles and the associated generated profiles.
Database layer: All of a company's data is stored in the database, which is located on a database server. Application programs pull the data they need from the database. This data can consist of data tables, applications or system control tables. In addition, the database also takes new information from users and backs it up.
"Shortcut for SAP Systems" is a PC application that simplifies or even facilitates many activities in the SAP basis.
The application window is illustrated in an example in the following screenshot: Evaluation of the use of the Emergency User Concept Once this request has been initiated, a new mode will be opened for the user, in which he can work with the extended rights.
SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape and stopping and starting the system. Here you can find some useful information about SAP Basis: www.sap-corner.de.
If you want to skip the backgrounds and prefer a direct step-by-step guide, you can jump directly into the last section.