SAP Basis Technical structure - SAP Corner

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Technical structure
Migration of SAP DB systems (between different databases)
Own development testing is very common in the quality system. Therefore, the customising/workbench developments must be transported to the appropriate system. It is highly recommended to use the order type "Transport of copies". This post explains why you should use this type of order and what you need to consider. Transporting copies - Why? All objects on the original transport order remain locked. Only the copies of the objects are transported to the next SAP system. If something goes wrong during transport, objects can easily be recollected or added. In addition, when copies are transported to the test system, no import is created in the production system. The import queue remains clean and clear. The problem with overtaking transports is eliminated. Transporting Copies - Creation To create a transport of copies, call the Transport Organiser through the transaction SE01. Check the Order Type "Transfers of Copies" and click View Create a new order (using the Document icon or F6 key). Then select the order type "Transport of copies". Then define a description and the destination system of the transport. Transport of copies - Add objects The transport order of the type "Transports of copies" was created. Now we want to add the objects of the original to be transported. Unfortunately, not all objects of an order can be copied directly. Therefore, it is important to take the objects task by task. A transport order can contain multiple tasks. Press CTRL+Y to highlight the task ID and then copy it by CTRL+C. Right-click on your order of the type "Transport of Copies" and select the Include objects option. Select the object list of an order and copy in the ID of the task that contains the objects to be transported. Confirm your input. All objects of the order are transferred to the transport of copies. You can then transport the objects to the test system using the normal transport procedure.

For these cases, you should take a closer look at the DBACOCKPIT transaction. This transaction provides you with many other database management features, an editor that allows you to easily execute your SQL queries against your SAP system. This method displays the result in the GUI shortly after the query is sent. How to execute a SQL query To call the editor for SQL queries in DBACOCKPIT, the user must: The user needs corresponding rights to execute the transactions SM49 and SM69. STOR and SMSS must be cultivated in the S_ADMI_FCD permission object. SQL queries must maintain the database connection. To get the current status of a database connection, see the DBCONT table. Rights for calling the table(s) to be retrieved must be assigned. For more details, see the section "Further information on DBACOCKPIT" in this blog post.
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The Log function displays logs for SPAM steps using the tp transport control programme. After successfully inserting the queue, you should always check these logs. Associating the SPAM steps with log files Step Log file DISASSEMBLE_PATCH Generate Cofile TEST_IMPORT Testimport IMPORT_OBJECT_LIST Commandfile Import DDIC-IMPORT DD-Import IMPORT_PROPER DD-Activation Import ADO-Import Verification Versions Method Execution ABAP/Dynpro Generation Procedure To get to the log display, select Image Jump Log Queue. Importance of Return Codes Return-Code Meaning 0 or 4 System information and warnings Warnings are generally uncritical for the system. However, you should check them anyway, as in rare cases follow-up errors may occur. Larger 4 Serious errors that must be fixed before you can successfully complete the commit. Confirm Queue Usage Confirm the successful insertion of the Queue in your system. This ensures that additional support packages can be used in the future. Without this confirmation, it is not possible to insert additional support packages. If you have not yet confirmed successful support packages, you will be prompted to confirm these support packages when upgrading your system. Prerequisites You have successfully imported one or more Support Packages. Procedure Confirm successful insertion of the Support Packages into your system with the Support Package.

Basis comprises a number of middleware programs and tools from SAP. Basis is responsible for the smooth operation of the SAP Basis system and thus for R/3 and SAP ERP, for example. SAP thus provides the underlying basis (hence the name) that enables various SAP applications to be interoperable and portable across operating systems and databases.

Use "Shortcut for SAP Systems" to accomplish many tasks in the SAP basis more easily and quickly.

SAP Basis Operation manages the IT underlying the SAP system.

Some useful tips about SAP basis can be found on

For more information about the lowest support package level for SAP ABA and SAP Basis to install an SAP Basis Plug-In, see the SAP Service Marketplace.
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