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This prevents that just because someone would start a new chain, someone would accidentally recognise it as "reality". However, sometimes two miners working on the longest chain find a new block at the same time. This is called Orphan Blocks. The chain now has in principle two end pieces (2 parallel blocks). Different miners now work at different ends of the chain. The blockchain will then continue where the next block will be found first. The other block is called the Orphan Block, and it's sort of a dead branch of the blockchain. So how do you explain the above things to your grandma?
In the case of client settings, you should ensure that the production client is protected against overwriting and that changes are only approved via the transport management system (TMS) to ensure traceability. In the interests of system security, changes to repository and client-independent objects should also not be permitted. The use of eCATT and CATT should also be at least restricted, as allowing them can lead to significant database changes.
In order to ensure the stability of the systems and to reduce the risk through proprietary developments, release and patch management must be implemented. Standardised procedures can help to introduce proprietary developments, such as test strategies or service level agreements (SLAs). It is also important to align the productivity setting of customer applications with the maintenance windows and RTO (Recovery-Time-Objective).
If we look at the question of standardisation, this concerns not only the administrative side of IT products, but also the standardisation and simplification of IT products offered by the SAP basis. For this purpose, tools such as ITIL for standardised tasks and the development of IT product and IT service catalogues have already established themselves to the greatest extent possible. These clearly describe the IT services provided. In addition to the definition of the service to be provided, the clear description shall include the identification of disclaimers and conditions that must exist. Also part of the service description is a price that can be composed of fixed and variable parts. This simplification and bundling of the product portfolios should also reduce the administrative burden when ordering, activating, changing, terminating and, of course, invoicing. The description of the IT services and the associated development of an IT product catalogue is the basis for standardisation, whether the recipient is an external or internal customer (e.g. a business unit). One difficulty is the definition of IT products, i.e. the pooling of IT services and resources. An orientation towards the idea of cloud computing can help. The characteristics of cloud computing are the provision of standardised services in terms of performance and type of performance, results-orientated services, provision of performance to a wide range of service customers, scalability, transaction-based billing and high risk of IT service failure.
"Shortcut for SAP Systems" makes it easier and quicker to complete a number of SAP basis tasks.
The other block is called the Orphan Block, and it's sort of a dead branch of the blockchain.
SAP Basis is the foundation of any SAP system. You can find a lot of useful information about it on this page: www.sap-corner.de.
A very good example are frequently used web applications that represent something new in the SAP area.